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The following stated hardware requirements by Microsoft are the absolute minimum to install Windows XP Professional and also applies to the Windows XP Home version. Microsoft also includes some hardware recommendations above the absolute minimum to make Windows XP Pro. or XP Home perform on an acceptable level.
No. really, they’re serious
With these minimum system requirements for Windows XP in mind I will add comments and recommendations gathered from real world experience as a PC Technician. Of course, my comments will be colored by my admittedly sarcastic and jaded attitude toward Microsoft’s overly optimistic projections.
XP Pro System Requirements:
- PC with 300 megahertz or higher processor clock speed recommended; 233 MHz minimum required (single or dual processor system);* Intel Pentium/Celeron family, or AMD K6/Athlon/Duron family, or compatible processor recommended
- 28 megabytes (MB) of RAM or higher recommended (64 MB minimum supported; may limit performance and some features)
- 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available hard disk space*
- Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution video adapter and monitor
- CD-ROM or DVD drive
- Keyboard and Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device
More XP System Requirements:
Additional Items or Services Required to Use Certain Windows XP Features.
For Internet access:
- Some Internet functionality may require Internet access, a Microsoft.NET Passport account, and payment of a separate fee to a service provider; local and/or long-distance telephone toll charges may apply.
- 14.4 kilobits per second (Kbps) or higher-speed modem
Huh? what do they mean some Internet functionality may require Internet access? seriously, how can you have Internet functionality with out Internet access?
Microsoft.NET Passport account? I have used a dial-up Internet connection for over 10 years and have never needed a Microsoft.NET Passport account. can you say, Microsoft proprietary protocol?
It would be difficult to find a modem slower than 56 kbps these days.
- Network adapter appropriate for the type of local-area, wide-area, wireless, or home network you wish to connect to, and access to an appropriate network infrastructure; access to third-party networks may require additional charges.
For instant messaging, voice and videoconferencing, and application sharing, both parties need:
- Microsoft.NET Passport account and Internet access or Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server instant messaging account and network access (some configurations may require download of additional components)
OK, enough is enough. since when do you need a Microsoft.Net Passport account to use ICQ, Yahoo, AIM, AOL, IRC or any other instant messaging clients? MSN only
For voice and videoconferencing, both parties also need:
- 33.6 Kbps or higher-speed modem, or a network connection
- Microphone and sound card with speakers or headset
For videoconferencing, both parties also need:
- Video conferencing camera
- Windows XP
If you intend to use videoconferencing a Broadband connection is strongly recommended.
For application sharing, both parties also need:
- 33.6 Kbps or higher-speed modem, or a network connection
- Windows XP
For remote assistance:
- Both parties must be running Windows XP and be connected by a network
For remote desktop:
- A Windows 95 or later-based computer, and the two machines must be connected by a network
Tip: Windows XP Professional remote desktop software can be installed on Windows 9x with the the Widows XP Pro. install CD.
- Sound card and speakers or headphones
For DVD video playback:
- DVD drive and DVD decoder card or DVD decoder software
- 8 MB of video RAM
Tip: Windows XP Professional and Windows XP Home do not come with DVD decoder software installed. You can get a DVD decoder by down loading a free one from Roxio or by installing a DVD media player like WinDVD or nVDVD. Once a windows DVD decoder is installed, DVD content can be played with most media players including Windows Media Player.
For Windows Movie Maker:
- Video capture feature requires appropriate digital or analog video capture device
- 400 MHz or higher processor for digital video camera capture
- Actual requirements will vary based on your system configuration and the applications and features you choose to install. Additional available hard disk space may be required if you are installing over a network.
Disclaimer: having hardware meeting these requirements does not mean that the PC will perform to your satisfaction.
Having read these requirements I decided to do an experiment with an old IBM PC I had laying around. The PC consisted of an Intel Pentium 350Mhz CPU, Intel motherboard and 128 Mg. of compatible RAM. Also included a working Super VGA card with 4 Megabytes of video RAM and a 12x CD-ROM that supported booting from a CD. I finished the system off with a 5400 RPM, 1.2GB hard drive (1.5GB drive was not available).
I used the Windows XP Pro default install method allowing the install application to determine what was best for the system it detected. The results were beyond disappointing to brink of laughable. I fell asleep after an hour waiting for the install process to finish so I don’t really know how long it took. after rebooting 2 or 3 times to get all hardware drivers installed and configured correctly I was ready to use the system.
The first thing you notice after the Windows desktop loads is the video. I had only the very basic features. Screen resolution was limited to 640 x 480 16 bit or 800 x 600 256 color. most of the GUI features like icon and menu animations and font shadowing were greyed out (disabled). Windows XP’s famous GUI interface wasn’t very gooey was it?
A quick check of the hard disk properties showed the clean Windows XP Pro. Install had eaten up just under 1GB of disk space leaving about 350MB free. that is not enough space to install Microsoft Office or much of anything else.
Executing any program or utility caused a mind numbing wait while watching the black and white hourglass spinning jerkily for several minutes. It quickly became obvious that very few people would have the patience to use such a slow system. Did I mention that it took upwards of 5 minutes to boot?
System Requirements XP Wrap-up:
Windows XP hardware requirements might be high but it makes up for it in ease of use. The biggest advantage Microsoft Windows XP operating system has over the competition is hardware detection and compatibility. Windows XP has the ability to detect hardware and install usable drivers with few problems. This is a big bonus for technicians and users alike and keeps Microsoft the top Dog in the Desktop Operating System race.
The auto hardware driver installation ability also keeps the Linux Operating System in a slowly gaining but not ready for prime time position. I feel it is worth mentioning that the developers of the Linux Debian core are making great strides forward in this area.
Well, maybe some day soon.
Microsoft Windows XP was launched in October 2001 based upon the popular NT core. As the successor of Windows 2000 professional and Windows me, this Windows version offered a new look and more reliable operating environment to the users. Windows XP is available in various versions: Professional, Home, Media Centre Editions which respectively target users with from diverse fields and skill levels.
In few of the cases, starting Windows XP may not ensue as expected, but instead you may get error messages as:
Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk. Check boot path and disk hardware.
Please check the Windows documentation about hardware disk configuration and your hardware reference manuals for additional information.
Alternatively, the error message statement may differ and may signify that Ntoskrnl.exe or Hal.dll file is corrupt or missing. in addition to this, improper system behavior may be encountered as: none of the Windows folders get accessed, Windows repair attempts fail through operating system CD, Recovery Console doesn’t display any option, which shows issues with the system.
Ntoskrnl.exe: this is one of the primary parts of Windows XP systems, being built on Windows NT kernel and architecture. Ntoskrl.exe is the kernel image and is the source of major system services.
Hal.dll: this file lets Windows XP to communicate with computer hardware. in other words, this is the Hardware Abstraction Layer which permits interaction between two system components: hardware and software.
Boot.ini file is the main file, used by Ntldr to make Operating system boot selector menu, which contains the configuration options of boot menu. the above error message may occur if the default value is found to be corrupt or missing from this file.
Another reason could be that Windows XP is not installed according to Boot.ini file.
Partition path is set in Boot.ini file, which can cause the error messages to occur if has not been set correctly.
Ntoskrnl.exe or Hal.dll is damaged or missing.
Hard drive has got logically failed, which will require Data Recovery.
The problematic Boot.ini file needs to be edited to ensure correct Default entry and accurate pointing to directories. for this go to my Computer->Properties->Advanced->Settings (under Startup and Recovery)-> system Setup->Edit. You can also use bootcfg /rebuild command through Recovery Console command prompt.
To overcome Ntoskrnl.exe issues, you can use expand :i386ntoskrnl.ex_ :Windowssystem32ntoskrnl.exe command through Recovery Console command prompt.
To resolve hard drive issues, you need to use chkdsk /r command through Recovery Console.
When we are not able to solve such issues and the logical crash occurs we need to reinstall the operating system. That is preferably done after formatting a drive or partition, specifically the primary partition. the data lost in this way can be crucial to be recovered through Data Recovery Software, which are specialized Data Recovery utilities to scan and recover the lost data. the Data Recovery Software are interactive applications. They are safe to use due to their read-only behavior and offer secure restoration.
Stellar Phoenix Windows Data Recovery uses the most influential scanning algorithms and hence is able to recover most of the data and safely restore them. it is compatible with FAT16, FAT32, VFAT, NTFS and NTFS5 file systems. this Data Recovery Software is user friendly and can thoroughly examine hard drives. Stellar also offers Data Recovery software for Linux, Mac OS, UNIX, BSD and Novell Netware operating systems.
Asus may not have a particularly high profile in the world of business servers, but over the past year it has been quietly building up its portfolio to include some interesting alternatives to the main players. Supplied to us by Broadberry Data Systems as the CyberServe XE3-RS100, its latest 1U rack system set a new record in the lab by recording the lowest power draw we’ve seen for a standard server.
The reason for this is Intel’s latest low-power 2.2GHz Xeon E3-1220L processor, which boasts a remarkably low TDP of 20W. there are some compromises in this choice, though: it’s the only dual-core model in its family of 12 processors, and it has a modest 3MB cache as opposed to the 6MB and 8MB caches of the higher models.
The chassis is standard fare. It’s solidly constructed, and at only 38cm deep, it will fit easily in a small floor-standing or wall-mount data cabinet. most of the Broadberry’s front panel is an open grille to aid air flow; a power switch is located to the right, along with status LEDs for power, network ports, temperature warnings and disk activity. the chassis also finds room for a low-profile DVD-RW drive on the left, along with a pair of USB ports.
The server’s lid is secured with a single screw and underneath you’ll find Asus’s new P8B-M microATX motherboard. the processor is located at the front of the board and fitted with a small heatsink, with cooling pipes that route straight through to a copper radiator matrix at the front edge of the chassis. two cooling fans are positioned in front of the radiator to draw air over it. overall, the Broadberry is quiet and well suited as a general-purpose file, print and messaging server for a small office.
There are four DIMM sockets on the motherboard, with a single 4GB DDR3 UDIMM included in the price above – up to 32GB is supported. the motherboard uses a C204 Chipset, which provides four 3Gbits/sec and two 6Gbits/sec colour-coded SATA ports. the chassis has enough room for two 3.5in hard disks, but Broadberry has chosen to reduce the power consumption by including a pair of 500GB Seagate Momentus SFF hard disks. That’s an unusual choice at this price.
One of those two hard disks is tucked neatly away underneath the optical drive at the front of the chassis, but unfortunately there isn’t room there for another. the second hard disk is located to the right of the cooling radiator, also at the front, so its power and interface cables have been routed awkwardly round the front of the cooling fans.
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A USB flash drive is thought to be a much better alternative than a floppy disc or a CD. It can be dropped or scuffed without being damaged due to the durable outer shell. they are also portable and can be placed anywhere, from your key chain to your pocket. the storage possibilities are endless and many people do not even use the whole amount that is available on the USB flash drive.
When the USB flash drive was first introduced by IBM, they were as simple in colour as they were in style and memory storage. you are now able to purchase one in any colour of the rainbow and any size of memory that you desire. the price that you pay will depend on how much storage the removable device has. not only does a USB flash drive save paper, but you can have all of your important programs at your fingertips no matter which computer you are sat at.
The technical words for USB are a Universal Serial Bus device. making a bootable USB flash drive is not as easy it may look. It is much harder than making a bootable disc or a floppy disc. a bootable USB flash drive can come in handy, but creating one could cause you to become very stressed out. a bootable USB flash drive simply means that you can upload important programs to a computer from your removable memory storage device, or as we know it the USB.
The following are directions for a Windows computer:
Your first step should be to download and install the Windows Automated Installation Kit. This also contains Windows PE 2.0. Open a command and execute the following:
- There should be a list of disks with information about each one. Select disk 1, assuming that the USB key is disk 1. This has to be correct or you could accidentally erase the hard drive instead.
- Clean or remove any information from the disk and create a partition primary.
- Select partition 1 and use format fs=fat32. you will then exit.
Your next step is to setup and customize Windows PE with the following steps:
- Click on the Windows start menu, open All Programs, and then the Windows AIK program folder. Select and click Windows PE Tools Command Prompt. run command: Copype.cmd x86 c:winpe_x86.
- Insert the USB flash drive into the computer and run the following command to copy WinPE and its contents to the USB flash drive: xcopy c:winpe_x86iso*.* /s /e /f e:
A bootable USB flash drive also makes it easy to cancel out an old computer and switch in a new one. you do not have to have a boot disk if you have a bootable USB flash drive. there are many tutorials out there that can help you to create a bootable flash drive; some are more successful than others. the bottom line is that after you have created this, you will be able to boot all of your regular programs from an advanced menu. Plus you can still use your USB flash drive on any computer that you wish.
SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power Adapter
SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power Adapter
SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power AdapterYou may be looking for a device. the new master’s little that can be used to meet your needs, it was great or not, but you still can not afford to buy them out. we suggest you then try to view these products to see. the products are cheap and affordable, so you can not afford. SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power AdapterBut you can buy it as you want the best and if you like, you can choose to buy it perfect without having to worry about it is that those products. these shopping with us today, you may find that you need today is to us.SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power Adapter
SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power Adapter Description :: USB 2.0 to IDE adapter for SATA Hard Disk, 2.5 inch IDE HDD / 3.5 inch IDE HDD and CDROM USB 2.0 Interface or downward of USB 1.1 Connectivity Transfer Rate up to 480 Mbps External Power supply Condition Packing include USB to IDE
SATA/PATA/IDE Drive to USB 2.0 Adapter Converter Cable for 2.5 / 3.5 Inch Hard Drive / 5 inch Optical Drive with External AC Power Adapter Features ::
- Connect to the IDE device using USB interface and SATA device too
- Transfer rate upto 480MBps (USB 2.0 specification), limit depend on the IDE device/SATA device and the driver
- Supports SATA Hard Disk / ATA/ATAPI CD-ROM/R/RW DVD-ROM (based on ATAPI spec.)
- External power adapter included, for power up the 5V/12V IDE/ATAPI devices Usage
- For easy connect to the IDE device / SATA device and make the hard disk device more portable
There could be many reasons why you’d want to troubleshoot your computer, well, one actually and that’s because something is not working right. the process of troubleshooting is something you learn after working for a long time with computers. often enough when there’s a problem, nothing is going to explicitly tell you what is causing the problem and how you can fix it. by taking logical steps and walking through the process of troubleshooting you should be able to solve almost any computer problem, software or hardware related. it involves identifying the problem(s), finding the cause of that problem, determining the solution, executing that solution, and testing and checking that solution to see if it solves your problem.
As an example let’s say one day while using your computer the screen suddenly turns all black and you can’t see anything. We found a problem now what would be the first step to take to fix it? First check to see if the monitor is on and is receiving power, most monitors when they have power, but no connection or connection problems with the computer will display a message that says this monitor is working, but make sure you check your cables. so the next logical step to take would be to check the cable to make sure it is properly connected and secured to the VGA slot behind your computer case and to make sure the monitor cable is plugged into the monitor. now, here’s where you have to decide what would be the next best course of action to take. you could either swap out your monitor with another monitor that you know is working to see if the problem is the monitor itself and nothing else or you can try to see if the problem is your graphics card. if your replacement monitor works, good, then you know your culprit is a bad monitor and you’ll most likely have to get a new one, because monitors are dangerous and too costly service. if the replacement monitor you used shows up a black screen as well, the next thing you’d do is check to make sure the graphics card is properly seated in the motherboard, if it is and the display is still not showing up, then swap out the graphics card to see if your problem is fixed.
Generally there are only so many steps you can take before you solve the problem and everything is back in order. make sure that before you start testing and swapping out parts that the problem wasn’t caused by you changing a software setting in Windows or some ambiguous option in the motherboard’s BIOS that causes your problem.
The motherboard is the heart of the computer, every part of the computer relies on the motherboard to function correctly. it maintains connection between every PC component and ensures that things are operating smoothly between them. many signs of motherboard failure is that the computer won’t boot up, not reaching the POST test, erratic system behavior, different combinations of components not working. because everything is connected to the motherboard certain parts may or may not work correctly if the motherboard is faulty so be sure to test those parts before thinking they’re dead and getting new ones.
- Be sure to do a visual inspection of the motherboard to make sure all cables are seated properly, the fans are spinning, and that the CMOS battery is in it’s proper place.
- Also check for any broken or leaking capacitors, those can immediately render a motherboard dead.
- Make sure that all of the jumpers are set correctly as well, you should be able to find jumper information in your motherboard’s manual, and if you don’t have the manual you should be able to find the manual on the Internet at the motherboard manufacturer’s website.
Many of the problems caused by a bad motherboard is also similar to problems caused by a faulty or dying power supply, so be sure to check if the power supply is faulty or swap it out for another to see if your problem is fixed. if you have a spare motherboard you can try swapping out the motherboard to see if that solves your problem, if that’s the case then the motherboard is most likely faulty. if you think the motherboard is faulty and it is still in warranty you should be able to send it back to the manufacturer for a new one with no hassle, sometimes they might even pay for the shipping & handling if it is a big problem that is happening with a certain line of motherboards. make sure that when you open a motherboard you keep all of the packaging and the box, and if there are any stickers that will void the warranty if removed make sure you do NOT remove them, so that way it is easier to send back.
If you suspect your power supply is giving you trouble, make sure you check it out fast, because power supplies can make trouble with the rest of your system as well. Irregular voltages sent from the power supply can short circuit and overheat your components thus frying them and making them unusable. some faulty power supplies have even caught on fire, but if you’re lucky it might just smoke a little and start to smell. a few signals that your power supply is bad or is going bad would be erratic and seemingly random system behavior like system hangs and crashes, and burning smells along with smoke.
If you recently upgraded your system or added new hard drives, disk drives, a graphics card or anything for that matter, be sure to check if your power supply is being overloaded with hardware. a good way to check is to use a power supply calculator. one time when I upgraded my system with a new fancy PCI Express 16x Graphics card, well it was fancy back then, I had problems with the graphics card performing while in 3d games, it was all due to my power supply being unable give it enough juice on the 12v rails so it performed poorly and didn’t act as it should have, I even swapped out the graphics card for another one believing it was bad, after checking the manufacturer’s forums it seemed like a lot of people were having problems with faulty cards, so I figured mine must have been faulty too. After getting the new card it seemed like it performed better for a little bit longer, which could’ve just been some optimizations they did to circuit board. seeing how they sent me an upgraded version of the same card, but it wasn’t until I checked my power supply wattages that I found the real culprit.
The first thing to do to diagnose your power supply is check the power supply connectors, make sure everything is plugged into the motherboard and the power cable is plugged into the power supply, you wouldn’t believe how many people forget to plug in their computer. many power supplies also have a power switch on them so check to make sure that no one accidentally or purposefully switched it off maybe for a prank. Check the fan to see if it is spinning at the correct speed and if it’s dusty vacuum it out. Determine if the power supply cables are giving out the right amount of voltage, if you computer will let you boot you should be able to check them in the BIOS menu to see if the correct voltages are being given. Normal power supplies give +3.3 volts DC, +5 volts DC, -5 volts DC, +12 volts DC, and -12 volts DC.
Faulty RAM can have many adverse effects on your system. Constant lockups, computer rebooting, memory error message (duh), system crashes, and sometimes refusing to boot up are all signs of memory errors. though, these are also signs for motherboard, hard drive, and power supply problems too. Luckily for you if you think your memory is subject to causing a disruption in your system there are programs that can check the memory for it’s performance and to see if it is generating any errors.
Memtest86+ is an amazing memory diagnostic program. it is based off of the original Memtest86 that has been around since 1994 and is used by system-builders, average joes, and professionals in the IT world. It’s a standalone memory check test which means it can be easily run without a bootable operating system, that’s good if you can’t just seem to get your PC started and want to rule out your memory as quickly as possible.
How to Use Memtest86 with Your Floppy Drive to Test Your Memory
- First go their website at memtest.org and select the most appropriate version to download. you can download the bootable iso or the Pre-compiled floppy drive depending on whether you want burn a CD or use your floppy drive. We’re going to go into details on floppy method.
- Open up the .zip and extract the files to a folder, then click on install.bat, you will be asked to Enter target diskette drive:. Type a and hit enter then it will ask you to insert a formatted diskette into drive a: and press -Enter-: after you hit enter it will write some files to your floppy so you can boot your computer with the floppy to test for errors.
- After the floppy has been formatted with Memtest86+, leave the floppy in your floppy drive and reboot your computer. Remember to set your floppy drive as the first boot device in your BIOS menu.
- The program will automatically load and perform the memory diagnostic tests on your computer. During the testing if there any errors they will show up and at the end of the test it will tell you how many errors you’ve had.
After testing your memory if you receive any errors you should make sure that your memory is okay either by swapping it out and seeing the problems still occur or try your memory in another system. if the memory passes the tests then you proceed to troubleshoot something else with good faith that your memory is fine.
The hard drive is that ultimate safe to everything important on your computer. it keeps all of your information, files and folders, music, videos, favorite websites, and programs. with a bad hard drive there’s no reason to have a computer. in terms of fixing a computer if the hard drive isn’t salvageable then most people don’t even want to bother with the rest, because their computer is probably a piece of junk that has been handed down from time to time. Generally when a hard drive is about to fail it’s usually years down the road from first acquiring the computer. so the next best option rather than replacing the drive is to just buy a new computer, or build a new one, because your old one sure is probably not running as fast as it used to.
Luckily before your hard drive kicks the bucket there is usually a few warning signs:
- Abnormally slow file transfers
- Problems with booting, especially when Windows is being loaded
- Corrupted files
- Disappearing files or folders
- Loud hard drive noise is a good sign that there is a mechanical problem going on inside
If your hard drive exhibits any of these signs be sure to transfer all of your files to another source immediately, and do not continue to do day-to-day activities with that hard drive. if it doesn’t show any of these tell-tale signs, however you have a gut feeling that your hard drive is on the brink of destruction you can try using many different drive testing utilities available on the internet. the hard drive manufacturer usually has at least one qualified tool that you can download from their website and run. other ways to check the health of your hard drive involves running the Windows Error Checking tool by right clicking on your hard drive in ‘my Computer’ then selecting ‘Properties’ and going to the ‘Tool’ and clicking on Check now, or checking the SMART status located in your motherboard’s BIOS. SMART stands for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology. most motherboards nowadays has this technology. it should be automatically enabled in your BIOS, if it’s not then your hard drive won’t get checked. what it does is on boot up it will perform quick tests on your hard drive to ensure it is running correctly and it will continue to monitor it for any errors or abnormal problems that may occur as long as the computer is turned on.
Watching movies, videos, playing games, and looking at NSFW material are all amazing things we can do on our computers. yet there may come a day where you just want to get on your computer and relax in your computer room looking at all that NSFW material you have bookmarked under the Special Sites category, but you can’t because your monitor won’t turn on. No, you don’t frump and punch holes in the walls to look for an outlet for your rage. you troubleshoot it, and hope to god that your monitor isn’t broken
When diagnosing a screen problem, half the time it’s usually something very easy, like a cable coming loose, or the monitor getting unplugged accidentally; unfortunately the other half the time it’s probably a problem that’s related to your monitor being old, or a problem that’s related to your graphics card instead. so you may have to diagnose both items at the same time to see which solves your problem.
First, check all your cables, I know this is probably getting a little old with the checking connections and everything, but so many computer problems can be avoided if people just remember that their computer isn’t always going to stay the same way they left it. a foot could kick out a cable, a dog or a cat that got to curious, or almost anything can render half your hardware useless.
After checking all your cables, make sure your screen has power, if it has power and shows a message such as this monitor is working correctly please check your cable and shows bars of color on the screen, that means that your monitor is not getting a signal from your computer. try swapping out the monitor for another one to see if it still says that message. if it does then that means the problem is most likely something to do with your graphics card not seated in the motherboard, or just isn’t working properly, you may want to try swapping out another graphics card to see if that solves your problem.
Generally monitors don’t have that many diagnosable problems. either they work and they work well, or they don’t work and you have to replace them. When working on a monitor you should never open them, they aren’t meant to be serviced and contain high charged capacitors that hold lethal doses of electricity. We wouldn’t want to read about a computer guy in the obituaries now would we?
The glorious graphics card, it’s an amazing thing really. it makes all those pretty HDR (High Dynamic Range) pictures look just that good, it keeps your games running smoothly, and your videos in HD. yet these things can be pains when they’re just not working right, because if something is wrong there’s not a strict hardware or software solution, you have to analyze the current situation to see what’s up.
First and foremost if you’re having any problems with your graphics card, probably the best thing to try to do first is see if there an updated driver for it at the manufacturer’s website that may solve the problem, or if there isn’t an update try uninstalling your graphics drivers and reinstalling them this little action can solve so many problems.
If there’s little jaggies or weird colorful mishaps known as artifacts appearing on your screen you may want to check the temperature of your graphics and make sure is getting enough cooling, and that the fan is working properly. if the cooling checks out okay you may also want to check your power supply ratings to see if it is giving enough juice to your graphics card. Nowadays most graphics cards need a lot of power on the 12v rails, make sure your power supply can give you that power that the graphics card needs.
Some of the typical problems people have with sound cards is either A) no sound or B) no sound. Sounds card typically aren’t very expensive so having to replace one if the current one isn’t working is no big deal. However, if you’re one of those audiophile types who expect 100% original recording quality with your $300 sound card replacing one of those is as expected a lot more harder to do.
Sound Card Troubleshooting
- Check speaker cables make sure they’re all connected and plugged into the right spot on your sound card. also check the speaker’s power cables.
- Make sure windows volume is turned up and the volume is not muted, also make sure that you have all the wave and playback volume turned up and not muted. if you have ‘Digital Output Only’ checked in your Advanced Controls for Playback Controls, try unchecking it to see if that solves your non-sound problem. I found that if I have that checked my sound card won’t give me any sound.
- Try reinstalling your sound card drivers, also try checking on the internet at the manufacturer’s website for any updated drivers that may be available. they increase your sound card’s compatibility with your system.
- If the previous tips didn’t help, then you may just have to replace your sound card, or atleast swap it out for another one to see if it might be a problem related to your sound card’s connection to the motherboard instead.
The processor is the actual thinking part of the brain of the computer. it does all the calculations needed to make a computer run, and does them all in split second timing. it determines how fast your computer generally runs, and most of the time is a bottle neck for systems that have had everything upgraded except the CPU.
If your processor’s not working, it’s not the end of the world, generally most processors that work correctly for a few weeks, should work correctly for the rest of it’s lifespan, which varies from 5-10 years or so. as long as you’re not overclocking the processor or letting it overheat too badly your processor should be fine, and it could just be a BIOS setting that’s messed up, or a jumper setting, but for kicks just check to make the processor is seated properly and the heat sink is attached to the processor and the motherboard. the heat sink should be attached tightly to the motherboard and not have room to move about, you should be able to pick up your motherboard by grabbing onto the heat sink without any problems. Check in your motherboard manual to make sure all the jumpers are set correctly for your type of processor. any jumpers set incorrectly can cause the processor to not work, or function correctly or at it’s optimal speed. also check the heat sink to see if it is cooling off the processor, if it’s not doing a very good job you may want to look into investing in a better one that gets the job done.
How to Troubleshoot Your Computer Hardware
A data storage drive is a device that is used to store computer data. Computer users are now able to choose from a variety of computer storage devices. Storage devices that store data readable by a computer are known as ‘mass storage.’ each storage drive has its own advantages and disadvantages. if you are looking for a storage drive for your computer, below is a list of the different types of storage drives available for computers:
Flash Drives: because of their small size, flash drives are also referred to as ‘thumb drives.’ they are also known as USB drives because they connect to a USB port. Flash drives consist of a USB connector, flash memory chips, small circuit board, and a plastic casing. Flash drives vary in how much data they can hold. The data capacity ranges from 64 megabytes to 64 gigabytes so they may not be helpful if you have to store a lot of data. Flash drives have pretty much replaced floppy disks and optical discs.
External Hard Drives: External hard drives are exactly the same as the internal hard drive in a computer except they are located outside of the computer. To use it, you have to connect it to the computer. like flash drives, they are normally connected to a USB Port. The storage capacity ranges up to 700 gigabytes so they are beneficial if you have to store a lot of data. you can use them for both desktop computers and laptops. they also have enclosures which permits them to be handled without being damaged. External hard drives are designed to be portable.
Solid-State Drives (SSDs): These drives are much like a regular hard drive because they use the same interface and connections. however, instead of a spinning magnetic disk, solid state memory is used. Solid-state drives are designed to replace the hard drive. Solid-state drives have very fast read and write times and are very reliable because there are no components that will wear out.
Smart Cards: These devices are also called memory cards. Once smart cards were not that helpful when storing data, but now they have been developed to hold more data and they are used for a number of devices such as PDAs, cell phones, and laptops.
Online Storage: this method of data storage is referrer to as a ‘remote back up’ there are online storage sites that permit computer users to store their data on their servers for a fee. The more storage space you require, the more you pay.
Tape Drive: this type of drive uses a magnetic tape or cartridge to store data. they are mostly used to backup data because the seek times are much considerably slower compared to other methods of storage. Most tape drives connect to a computer by a USB cable. Storage capacity can range from a few hundred megabytes to hundreds of gigabytes.
There are many ways to store computer data. Manufacturers have developed different types of storage drives to keep up with technological developments and meet consumer demands for a safe way to store their information. The type of storage drive you choose will depend on the computer device you use and the storage capacity that will meet your particular storage needs. as technology continues to develop, storage drives for computers are likely to evolve.
A great feature of the Flip UltraHD camcorder is that it can be used with AA-sized rechargeable batteries. the batteries can be easily charged up right in the unit by connecting the camcorder’s USB connector to the USB port on a computer. If time needed for charging batteries is posing to be an issue, you can also install and use regular AA batteries in the unit as well.
The Flip UltraHD camcorder is extremely portable weighing at just 6.1 ounces. This model is heavier then some other camcorders of its class but the extra weight is quite negligible. Operation of the buttons is easier because they are bigger. If you’ve had problems trying to find buttons or hold on to the camcorder, the Flip has buttons that are rubberized and a matte finish that makes holding on to the camcorder very easy.
The UltraHD camcorder shoots 720p video at 30fps that is H.264 compressed, and encoded as a MPEG-4. If you’re concerned about recording time this camcorder has an 8GB internal memory that allows for the recording of over 2 hours of video. that is generally enough video time for any event before needing to download the videos onto a computer or disk. the process of shooting and transferring videos from the Flip UltraHD camcorder to your computer or uploading them to another video-file-sharing site has been simplified. all in all, with a relatively low price tag, reliable performance, small size and useful feature, this model proves to be a real winner.
Maintaining a computer can be a stressful and sometimes expensive process. A poorly maintained computer can lead to a variety of problems including data loss, an erroneous registry and a decrease in speed of the computer. Using a good System Optimizer could not only speed up your computer, but prevent future problems. System Optimization is essential for an effective and stable operating system.
How Can I Optimize My Computer Manually?
There are steps you can take to attempt to speed up your computer. These methods are effective in the short term at increasing your computers performance, but in the long term a constant solution would be essential and more effective;
- Defragment your system no more than once a month. When you defragment your computer the software re orders information, allowing it to be accessed quicker. This will decrease loading times and increase computer stability.
- Clean your junk files using the disk cleanup utility at least once a week. This will clean up free space on your pc and decrease the amount of memory being used by junk files, decreasing the strain on the processors.
- Go to ‘Control Panel’ and to the ‘Add/Remove programs’ tab and delete any programs which you do not use or are not needed. This will again reduce the amount of memory used from background programs and increase your disk space.
- Type ‘msconfig’ in to the ‘Run’ search feature and navigate to the start up tab. Then un check all programs which are not essential to prevent them opening automatically when booting the computer. This will prevent un used programs from running when you start the computer up and decrease the overall loading time when booting your computer.
Why Do I Need A System Optimizer?
While these steps will reduce loading times and increase the stability of your computer, they do need to be repeated on a regular basis to be effective. They are also no where near as effective as professional software which will do the same job, and more.
The benefits of software are incomparable to other options with maintaining a pc. As well as regular updates and constant maintenance while your pc is turned on, the average program will include extras, such as;
- 24 hour technical support
- Un delete software and secure delete software
- Advanced defragmentation software
- Driver checker utility with backup and restore facilities
All these features can be installed into one easy to use, multi lingual interface to keep your computer running to its maximum specifications. You will only need to install the software once and it will run automatically to keep your computer optimized.